The specialists already qualify it as the great plague of our century and it is the culprit of a high expense for the Spanish public health, assuming already 7% of the sanitary cost.
The endocrinologists warn of the importance of monitoring and controlling this true epidemic that can affect our quality of life, generate serious diseases or even alter our ability to reproduce. Obesity and overweight can be cause and consequence of serious pathologies. Therefore, these professionals are very helpful in losing excess weight. They identify, study and treat the alterations that occur in the glands and in the segregation of the corresponding hormones, which cause these disorders.
One of the most serious diseases that is occurring more regularly in recent times is diabetes. It originates when the liver loses the capacity to synthesize the glucose of the blood with the insulin that the body generates or because, directly, we have stopped generating insulin. In these cases, in addition to the endocrine, the dietitian must intervene.
Problems with cholesterol and triglycerides usually occur in a large part of the population, but with a little exercise and proper diet can be controlled under medical supervision.
There are diseases caused directly by obesity, such as cardiomegaly, or heart growth, which occurs because our vital organ needs to increase in size to keep an obese person. The hepatic steatosis, or fatty liver, is very common in these people because excess fat tends to occupy and meet our viscera.
Hernias may appear due to the weakening of the abdominal wall since the muscles can not contain excess fat. The sleep apnea, for example, is usually a very common condition due to the little space they have lungs to oxygenate properly. And urinary incontinence has a higher prevalence among people with a high Body Mass Index (BMI) since pelvic floor overload reduces bladder space.
However, there are also many pathologies that, although not directly caused by obesity, do manifest themselves or become worse due to it. Without going any further, the infarction , caused by the obstruction of the arteries by accumulated fat; the varices , since overweight puts increased pressure in the veins; the pulmonary embolism due to the formation of clots that block the blood supply to the lung; or sterility , caused by the alteration that causes excess fat in the quality of sperm.
Gallstones, some types of cancer, kidney failure, hypertension and erectile dysfunction are added to the long list of conditions related to excess weight.
WORLD DAY AGAINST OBESITY
Such is the importance of the problem at a global level, which on November 12 has been established as the World Day Against Obesity, an event that aims to inform and, above all, to sensitize the population on the need to take measures to prevent and treat overweight.
The recipe is simple: a balanced diet based on the reduction of saturated fats, salt and sugar, on the one hand, and increased consumption of fruits, vegetables, legumes, whole grains and nuts, on the other.
But this is not enough. It is essential to perform physical activity on a regular basis. This means that we must dedicate at least 150 minutes per week to moderate exercise, according to recommendations of the World Health Organization (WHO).
The most worrisome of all is the very high rate of childhood obesity. In Spain, 12% of children are overweight and 14% are obese, which causes them to be more likely to suffer from diabetes and cardiovascular diseases at a young age. In your case, in addition to food, practising sport is even more necessary than in adults. The WHO recommends that they dedicate one hour a day to physical activity.
At Inagua we take the health of our children very seriously and, for this reason, we put at your disposal activities such as Inagua Junior, Inagua Peques or the Mini Inagua Club.
And let’s not forget that, as adults, besides being responsible for the health of our children, we also have the duty to take care of ourselves as a model for them. So let’s take care of our diet, exercise and keep obesity at bay because it is a disease, not an aesthetic problem. But it is also that we have the added value of seeing ourselves well in the mirror.